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Blockchain in healthcare and health sciences-A scoping review.
Int J Med Inform. 2020 02; 134:104040.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Blockchain can be described as an immutable ledger, logging data entries in a decentralized manner. This new technology has been suggested to disrupt a wide range of data-driven domains, including the health domain.

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study was to systematically review, assess and synthesize peer-reviewed publications utilizing/proposing to utilize blockchain to improve processes and services in healthcare, health sciences and health education.

METHOD

A structured literature search on the topic was conducted in October 2018 relevant bibliographic databases.

RESULT

39 publications fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The result indicates that Electronic Health Records and Personal Health Records are the most targeted areas using blockchain technology. Access control, interoperability, provenance and data integrity are all issues that are meant to be improved by blockchain technology in this field. Ethereum and Hyperledger fabric seem to be the most used platforms/frameworks in this domain.

CONCLUSION

This study shows that the endeavors of using blockchain technology in the health domain are increasing exponentially. There are areas within the health domain that potentially could be highly impacted by blockchain technology.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, NTNU-Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. Electronic address: anton.hasselgren@ntnu.no.Department of Information Security and Communication Technology, Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, NTNU-Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.Department of Information Security and Communication Technology, Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, NTNU-Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.Library Section for Medicine and Health Sciences, NTNU University Library, NTNU-Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, NTNU-Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31865055

Citation

Hasselgren, Anton, et al. "Blockchain in Healthcare and Health sciences-A Scoping Review." International Journal of Medical Informatics, vol. 134, 2020, p. 104040.
Hasselgren A, Kralevska K, Gligoroski D, et al. Blockchain in healthcare and health sciences-A scoping review. Int J Med Inform. 2020;134:104040.
Hasselgren, A., Kralevska, K., Gligoroski, D., Pedersen, S. A., & Faxvaag, A. (2020). Blockchain in healthcare and health sciences-A scoping review. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 134, 104040. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2019.104040
Hasselgren A, et al. Blockchain in Healthcare and Health sciences-A Scoping Review. Int J Med Inform. 2020;134:104040. PubMed PMID: 31865055.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Blockchain in healthcare and health sciences-A scoping review. AU - Hasselgren,Anton, AU - Kralevska,Katina, AU - Gligoroski,Danilo, AU - Pedersen,Sindre A, AU - Faxvaag,Arild, Y1 - 2019/12/11/ PY - 2019/05/13/received PY - 2019/11/25/revised PY - 2019/12/02/accepted PY - 2019/12/23/pubmed PY - 2020/3/26/medline PY - 2019/12/23/entrez KW - Blockchain KW - Distributed ledger KW - Health systems KW - Scoping review SP - 104040 EP - 104040 JF - International journal of medical informatics JO - Int J Med Inform VL - 134 N2 - BACKGROUND: Blockchain can be described as an immutable ledger, logging data entries in a decentralized manner. This new technology has been suggested to disrupt a wide range of data-driven domains, including the health domain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review, assess and synthesize peer-reviewed publications utilizing/proposing to utilize blockchain to improve processes and services in healthcare, health sciences and health education. METHOD: A structured literature search on the topic was conducted in October 2018 relevant bibliographic databases. RESULT: 39 publications fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The result indicates that Electronic Health Records and Personal Health Records are the most targeted areas using blockchain technology. Access control, interoperability, provenance and data integrity are all issues that are meant to be improved by blockchain technology in this field. Ethereum and Hyperledger fabric seem to be the most used platforms/frameworks in this domain. CONCLUSION: This study shows that the endeavors of using blockchain technology in the health domain are increasing exponentially. There are areas within the health domain that potentially could be highly impacted by blockchain technology. SN - 1872-8243 UR - https://neuro.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31865055/Blockchain_in_healthcare_and_health_sciences_A_scoping_review_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1386-5056(19)30526-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -