Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Pediatric postoperative opioid prescribing and the opioid crisis.
Curr Opin Pediatr. 2019 06; 31(3):378-385.CO

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW

The purpose of this review is to explore the effects of the opioid crisis on pediatric patients in the postoperative setting and provide recommendations for well-tolerated opioid prescribing practices.

RECENT FINDINGS

Opioid overdoses have increased among all age groups, predominantly related to overprescribing and accessibility of opioids in the home. Adverse risks of prescribed opioids include respiratory depression, gastrointestinal distress, accidental ingestion, intentional misuse, new chronic use, diversion to another user, and overdose. Well-tolerated opioid prescribing practices include multimodal pain management; prescribing guided by patient need; risk assessment for potential misuse; and comprehensive patient and family education on risks, safe storage, and disposal practices. Evolving state laws will affect varying institutional policies; thus, providers must ensure their prescribing practices are current and compliant.

SUMMARY

All age groups have been affected by the opioid crisis, including children and adolescents. When managing postoperative pain, clinicians must balance appropriate pain management with well-tolerated opioid stewardship to minimize harm related to postoperative care.

Authors+Show Affiliations

No affiliation info availableDepartment of Surgery, University of Michigan Medical School.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31090580

Citation

Harbaugh, Calista M., and Samir K. Gadepalli. "Pediatric Postoperative Opioid Prescribing and the Opioid Crisis." Current Opinion in Pediatrics, vol. 31, no. 3, 2019, pp. 378-385.
Harbaugh CM, Gadepalli SK. Pediatric postoperative opioid prescribing and the opioid crisis. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2019;31(3):378-385.
Harbaugh, C. M., & Gadepalli, S. K. (2019). Pediatric postoperative opioid prescribing and the opioid crisis. Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 31(3), 378-385. https://doi.org/10.1097/MOP.0000000000000768
Harbaugh CM, Gadepalli SK. Pediatric Postoperative Opioid Prescribing and the Opioid Crisis. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2019;31(3):378-385. PubMed PMID: 31090580.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pediatric postoperative opioid prescribing and the opioid crisis. AU - Harbaugh,Calista M, AU - Gadepalli,Samir K, PY - 2019/5/16/entrez PY - 2019/5/16/pubmed PY - 2020/2/19/medline SP - 378 EP - 385 JF - Current opinion in pediatrics JO - Curr Opin Pediatr VL - 31 IS - 3 N2 - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to explore the effects of the opioid crisis on pediatric patients in the postoperative setting and provide recommendations for well-tolerated opioid prescribing practices. RECENT FINDINGS: Opioid overdoses have increased among all age groups, predominantly related to overprescribing and accessibility of opioids in the home. Adverse risks of prescribed opioids include respiratory depression, gastrointestinal distress, accidental ingestion, intentional misuse, new chronic use, diversion to another user, and overdose. Well-tolerated opioid prescribing practices include multimodal pain management; prescribing guided by patient need; risk assessment for potential misuse; and comprehensive patient and family education on risks, safe storage, and disposal practices. Evolving state laws will affect varying institutional policies; thus, providers must ensure their prescribing practices are current and compliant. SUMMARY: All age groups have been affected by the opioid crisis, including children and adolescents. When managing postoperative pain, clinicians must balance appropriate pain management with well-tolerated opioid stewardship to minimize harm related to postoperative care. SN - 1531-698X UR - https://neuro.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31090580/Pediatric_postoperative_opioid_prescribing_and_the_opioid_crisis_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -