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Migraine, tension-type headache, and depression among Saudi female students in Taif University.
J Egypt Public Health Assoc. 2019; 94(1):7.JE

Abstract

Background

Studies done in Saudi Arabia showed a high prevalence of headache among university students. Limited research was done to assess the relationship between headache and psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and association between migraine, tension-type headache, and depression among Saudi female students in Taif University.

Participants and methods

A cross-sectional study using self-administered questionnaires about headache and depression was conducted at the Taif University on 1340 female students in the academic year 2016-2017. The Beck Depression Inventory, the ID Migraine™ screening tool, and the criteria of the International Headache Society were used to investigate the depressive symptoms and headache types.

Results

The self-reported headache prevalence was 68.4%, and the prevalence of migraine, tension-type headache (TTH), and depression was 32.5%, 29.5%, and 6.2%, respectively. The main migraine trigger was stress or anxiety; 86.6% of migraineurs had a positive family history, and only 11.9% sought medical care for headache. Of students with TTH, 61.1% reported family history and only 12.4% sought medical care. Paracetamol was the commonly used analgesic for all headache types. Medical students and students in older grades showed significantly higher levels of all headache types. Depression prevalence was significantly higher among migraineurs and students who suffered higher headache frequencies.

Conclusion

The study demonstrated a high prevalence of headache among the studied students and an association between headache and depression. The study calls for increasing awareness towards headache and the importance of seeking medical consultation. Management strategies should be planned for the observed headache and depression comorbidity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Taif University, Alsalama street, Taif city, Saudi Arabia. 2Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shibin El Kom, Egypt.1Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Taif University, Alsalama street, Taif city, Saudi Arabia.1Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Taif University, Alsalama street, Taif city, Saudi Arabia. 2Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shibin El Kom, Egypt.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30774147

Citation

Desouky, Dalia E., et al. "Migraine, Tension-type Headache, and Depression Among Saudi Female Students in Taif University." The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association, vol. 94, no. 1, 2019, p. 7.
Desouky DE, Zaid HA, Taha AA. Migraine, tension-type headache, and depression among Saudi female students in Taif University. J Egypt Public Health Assoc. 2019;94(1):7.
Desouky, D. E., Zaid, H. A., & Taha, A. A. (2019). Migraine, tension-type headache, and depression among Saudi female students in Taif University. The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association, 94(1), 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s42506-019-0008-7
Desouky DE, Zaid HA, Taha AA. Migraine, Tension-type Headache, and Depression Among Saudi Female Students in Taif University. J Egypt Public Health Assoc. 2019;94(1):7. PubMed PMID: 30774147.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Migraine, tension-type headache, and depression among Saudi female students in Taif University. AU - Desouky,Dalia E, AU - Zaid,Hany A, AU - Taha,Azza A, Y1 - 2019/01/29/ PY - 2018/10/30/received PY - 2019/01/10/accepted PY - 2019/2/19/entrez PY - 2019/2/19/pubmed PY - 2019/4/10/medline KW - Depression KW - Female KW - Headache KW - Migraine KW - Saudi KW - University SP - 7 EP - 7 JF - The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association JO - J Egypt Public Health Assoc VL - 94 IS - 1 N2 - Background: Studies done in Saudi Arabia showed a high prevalence of headache among university students. Limited research was done to assess the relationship between headache and psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and association between migraine, tension-type headache, and depression among Saudi female students in Taif University. Participants and methods: A cross-sectional study using self-administered questionnaires about headache and depression was conducted at the Taif University on 1340 female students in the academic year 2016-2017. The Beck Depression Inventory, the ID Migraine™ screening tool, and the criteria of the International Headache Society were used to investigate the depressive symptoms and headache types. Results: The self-reported headache prevalence was 68.4%, and the prevalence of migraine, tension-type headache (TTH), and depression was 32.5%, 29.5%, and 6.2%, respectively. The main migraine trigger was stress or anxiety; 86.6% of migraineurs had a positive family history, and only 11.9% sought medical care for headache. Of students with TTH, 61.1% reported family history and only 12.4% sought medical care. Paracetamol was the commonly used analgesic for all headache types. Medical students and students in older grades showed significantly higher levels of all headache types. Depression prevalence was significantly higher among migraineurs and students who suffered higher headache frequencies. Conclusion: The study demonstrated a high prevalence of headache among the studied students and an association between headache and depression. The study calls for increasing awareness towards headache and the importance of seeking medical consultation. Management strategies should be planned for the observed headache and depression comorbidity. SN - 2090-262X UR - https://neuro.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30774147/Migraine_tension_type_headache_and_depression_among_Saudi_female_students_in_Taif_University_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/30774147/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -