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Relationship of smartphone use severity with sleep quality, depression, and anxiety in university students.
J Behav Addict. 2015 Jun; 4(2):85-92.JB

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS

The usage of smartphones has increased rapidly in recent years, and this has brought about addiction. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between smartphone use severity and sleep quality, depression, and anxiety in university students.

METHODS

In total, 319 university students (203 females and 116 males; mean age = 20.5 ± 2.45) were included in the study. Participants were divided into the following three groups: a smartphone non-user group (n = 71, 22.3%), a low smartphone use group (n = 121, 37.9%), and a high smartphone use group (n = 127, 39.8%). All participants were evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory; moreover, participants other than those in the smartphone non-user group were also assessed with the Smartphone Addiction Scale.

RESULTS

The findings revealed that the Smartphone Addiction Scale scores of females were significantly higher than those of males. Depression, anxiety, and daytime dysfunction scores were higher in the high smartphone use group than in the low smartphone use group. Positive correlations were found between the Smartphone Addiction Scale scores and depression levels, anxiety levels, and some sleep quality scores.

CONCLUSIONS

The results indicate that depression, anxiety, and sleep quality may be associated with smartphone overuse. Such overuse may lead to depression and/or anxiety, which can in turn result in sleep problems. University students with high depression and anxiety scores should be carefully monitored for smartphone addiction.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Süleyman Demirel University , Isparta, , Turkey.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26132913

Citation

Demirci, Kadir, et al. "Relationship of Smartphone Use Severity With Sleep Quality, Depression, and Anxiety in University Students." Journal of Behavioral Addictions, vol. 4, no. 2, 2015, pp. 85-92.
Demirci K, Akgönül M, Akpinar A. Relationship of smartphone use severity with sleep quality, depression, and anxiety in university students. J Behav Addict. 2015;4(2):85-92.
Demirci, K., Akgönül, M., & Akpinar, A. (2015). Relationship of smartphone use severity with sleep quality, depression, and anxiety in university students. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 4(2), 85-92. https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.4.2015.010
Demirci K, Akgönül M, Akpinar A. Relationship of Smartphone Use Severity With Sleep Quality, Depression, and Anxiety in University Students. J Behav Addict. 2015;4(2):85-92. PubMed PMID: 26132913.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relationship of smartphone use severity with sleep quality, depression, and anxiety in university students. AU - Demirci,Kadir, AU - Akgönül,Mehmet, AU - Akpinar,Abdullah, PY - 2015/7/2/entrez PY - 2015/7/2/pubmed PY - 2016/4/2/medline KW - addiction KW - anxiety KW - depression KW - sleep quality KW - smartphone SP - 85 EP - 92 JF - Journal of behavioral addictions JO - J Behav Addict VL - 4 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The usage of smartphones has increased rapidly in recent years, and this has brought about addiction. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between smartphone use severity and sleep quality, depression, and anxiety in university students. METHODS: In total, 319 university students (203 females and 116 males; mean age = 20.5 ± 2.45) were included in the study. Participants were divided into the following three groups: a smartphone non-user group (n = 71, 22.3%), a low smartphone use group (n = 121, 37.9%), and a high smartphone use group (n = 127, 39.8%). All participants were evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory; moreover, participants other than those in the smartphone non-user group were also assessed with the Smartphone Addiction Scale. RESULTS: The findings revealed that the Smartphone Addiction Scale scores of females were significantly higher than those of males. Depression, anxiety, and daytime dysfunction scores were higher in the high smartphone use group than in the low smartphone use group. Positive correlations were found between the Smartphone Addiction Scale scores and depression levels, anxiety levels, and some sleep quality scores. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that depression, anxiety, and sleep quality may be associated with smartphone overuse. Such overuse may lead to depression and/or anxiety, which can in turn result in sleep problems. University students with high depression and anxiety scores should be carefully monitored for smartphone addiction. SN - 2063-5303 UR - https://neuro.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26132913/Relationship_of_smartphone_use_severity_with_sleep_quality_depression_and_anxiety_in_university_students_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -