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Risk factors for migraine and tension-type headache in 11 year old children.
J Headache Pain. 2014 Sep 10; 15:60.JH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Though migraine and tension type headache are both commonly diagnosed in childhood, little is known about their determinants when diagnosed prior to puberty onset. Our aim was to determine psychosocial- and health-related risk factors of migraine and tension-type headache in 11 year old children.

METHODS

871 New Zealand European children were enrolled in a longitudinal study at birth and data were collected at birth, 1, 3.5, 7, and 11 years of age. Primary headache was determined at age 11 years based on the International Headache Society. Perinatal factors assessed were small for gestational age status, sex, maternal smoking during pregnancy, maternal perceived stress, and maternal school leaving age. Childhood factors assessed were sleep duration, percent body fat, television watching, parent and self-reported total problem behaviour, being bullied, and depression.

RESULTS

Prevalence of migraine and tension-type headache was 10.5% and 18.6%, respectively. Both migraine and TTH were significantly associated with self-reported problem behaviour in univariable logistic regression analyses. Additionally, migraine was associated with reduced sleep duration, and both sleep and behaviour problems remained significant after multivariable analyses. TTH was also significantly associated with antenatal maternal smoking, higher body fat, and being bullied. For TTH, problem behaviour measured at ages 3.5 and 11 years both remained significant after multivariable analysis. Being born small for gestational age was not associated with either headache group.

CONCLUSIONS

Although they share some commonality, migraine and tension-type headache are separate entities in childhood with different developmental characteristics. The association between primary headache and problem behaviour requires further investigation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology, Faculty of Science, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand. k.waldie@auckland.ac.nz.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25205384

Citation

Waldie, Karen E., et al. "Risk Factors for Migraine and Tension-type Headache in 11 Year Old Children." The Journal of Headache and Pain, vol. 15, 2014, p. 60.
Waldie KE, Thompson JM, Mia Y, et al. Risk factors for migraine and tension-type headache in 11 year old children. J Headache Pain. 2014;15:60.
Waldie, K. E., Thompson, J. M., Mia, Y., Murphy, R., Wall, C., & Mitchell, E. A. (2014). Risk factors for migraine and tension-type headache in 11 year old children. The Journal of Headache and Pain, 15, 60. https://doi.org/10.1186/1129-2377-15-60
Waldie KE, et al. Risk Factors for Migraine and Tension-type Headache in 11 Year Old Children. J Headache Pain. 2014 Sep 10;15:60. PubMed PMID: 25205384.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risk factors for migraine and tension-type headache in 11 year old children. AU - Waldie,Karen E, AU - Thompson,John Md, AU - Mia,Yasmine, AU - Murphy,Rinki, AU - Wall,Clare, AU - Mitchell,Edwin A, Y1 - 2014/09/10/ PY - 2014/06/26/received PY - 2014/09/06/accepted PY - 2014/9/11/entrez PY - 2014/9/11/pubmed PY - 2015/8/4/medline SP - 60 EP - 60 JF - The journal of headache and pain JO - J Headache Pain VL - 15 N2 - BACKGROUND: Though migraine and tension type headache are both commonly diagnosed in childhood, little is known about their determinants when diagnosed prior to puberty onset. Our aim was to determine psychosocial- and health-related risk factors of migraine and tension-type headache in 11 year old children. METHODS: 871 New Zealand European children were enrolled in a longitudinal study at birth and data were collected at birth, 1, 3.5, 7, and 11 years of age. Primary headache was determined at age 11 years based on the International Headache Society. Perinatal factors assessed were small for gestational age status, sex, maternal smoking during pregnancy, maternal perceived stress, and maternal school leaving age. Childhood factors assessed were sleep duration, percent body fat, television watching, parent and self-reported total problem behaviour, being bullied, and depression. RESULTS: Prevalence of migraine and tension-type headache was 10.5% and 18.6%, respectively. Both migraine and TTH were significantly associated with self-reported problem behaviour in univariable logistic regression analyses. Additionally, migraine was associated with reduced sleep duration, and both sleep and behaviour problems remained significant after multivariable analyses. TTH was also significantly associated with antenatal maternal smoking, higher body fat, and being bullied. For TTH, problem behaviour measured at ages 3.5 and 11 years both remained significant after multivariable analysis. Being born small for gestational age was not associated with either headache group. CONCLUSIONS: Although they share some commonality, migraine and tension-type headache are separate entities in childhood with different developmental characteristics. The association between primary headache and problem behaviour requires further investigation. SN - 1129-2377 UR - https://neuro.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25205384/Risk_factors_for_migraine_and_tension_type_headache_in_11_year_old_children_ L2 - https://thejournalofheadacheandpain.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1129-2377-15-60 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -