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Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: the implications of treating oneself kindly.
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007 May; 92(5):887-904.JP

Abstract

Five studies investigated the cognitive and emotional processes by which self-compassionate people deal with unpleasant life events. In the various studies, participants reported on negative events in their daily lives, responded to hypothetical scenarios, reacted to interpersonal feedback, rated their or others' videotaped performances in an awkward situation, and reflected on negative personal experiences. Results from Study 1 showed that self-compassion predicted emotional and cognitive reactions to negative events in everyday life, and Study 2 found that self-compassion buffered people against negative self-feelings when imagining distressing social events. In Study 3, self-compassion moderated negative emotions after receiving ambivalent feedback, particularly for participants who were low in self-esteem. Study 4 found that low-self-compassionate people undervalued their videotaped performances relative to observers. Study 5 experimentally induced a self-compassionate perspective and found that self-compassion leads people to acknowledge their role in negative events without feeling overwhelmed with negative emotions. In general, these studies suggest that self-compassion attenuates people's reactions to negative events in ways that are distinct from and, in some cases, more beneficial than self-esteem.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA. leary@duke.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17484611

Citation

Leary, Mark R., et al. "Self-compassion and Reactions to Unpleasant Self-relevant Events: the Implications of Treating Oneself Kindly." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 92, no. 5, 2007, pp. 887-904.
Leary MR, Tate EB, Adams CE, et al. Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: the implications of treating oneself kindly. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007;92(5):887-904.
Leary, M. R., Tate, E. B., Adams, C. E., Allen, A. B., & Hancock, J. (2007). Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: the implications of treating oneself kindly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(5), 887-904.
Leary MR, et al. Self-compassion and Reactions to Unpleasant Self-relevant Events: the Implications of Treating Oneself Kindly. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007;92(5):887-904. PubMed PMID: 17484611.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: the implications of treating oneself kindly. AU - Leary,Mark R, AU - Tate,Eleanor B, AU - Adams,Claire E, AU - Allen,Ashley Batts, AU - Hancock,Jessica, PY - 2007/5/9/pubmed PY - 2007/8/2/medline PY - 2007/5/9/entrez SP - 887 EP - 904 JF - Journal of personality and social psychology JO - J Pers Soc Psychol VL - 92 IS - 5 N2 - Five studies investigated the cognitive and emotional processes by which self-compassionate people deal with unpleasant life events. In the various studies, participants reported on negative events in their daily lives, responded to hypothetical scenarios, reacted to interpersonal feedback, rated their or others' videotaped performances in an awkward situation, and reflected on negative personal experiences. Results from Study 1 showed that self-compassion predicted emotional and cognitive reactions to negative events in everyday life, and Study 2 found that self-compassion buffered people against negative self-feelings when imagining distressing social events. In Study 3, self-compassion moderated negative emotions after receiving ambivalent feedback, particularly for participants who were low in self-esteem. Study 4 found that low-self-compassionate people undervalued their videotaped performances relative to observers. Study 5 experimentally induced a self-compassionate perspective and found that self-compassion leads people to acknowledge their role in negative events without feeling overwhelmed with negative emotions. In general, these studies suggest that self-compassion attenuates people's reactions to negative events in ways that are distinct from and, in some cases, more beneficial than self-esteem. SN - 0022-3514 UR - https://neuro.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17484611/Self_compassion_and_reactions_to_unpleasant_self_relevant_events:_the_implications_of_treating_oneself_kindly_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/psp/92/5/887 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -